Provision for special educational needs - From 1 September 2014, the Children and Families Act 2014 has introduced changes to the legislation affecting how children and young people’s special educational needs are met. There are new requirements for education, health and social care services to work more closely together. Alongside this, the services which are universally available to children and families will be set out in a Local Offer.
Significantly, the former system of issuing statements of special educational needs for children with complex or severe needs has been replaced by a new assessment process which will lead (for some children) to an Education, Health and Care plan (EHCP). EHCPs can be issued between the ages of 0-25. An EHCP is a legal document which will have similar statutory power to a statement of special educational needs, but which will also describe a child or young person’s health and care needs where these are significant.
At school, most children will make progress with the support of their class teacher through the school’s arrangements known as School Support. School governing bodies are required to publish detailed information about their arrangements for identifying, assessing and making provision for pupils with SEN. This must be school-specific and describe a school’s arrangements for providing a graduated response to children’s SEN. This is known as the School Offer.
For the small number of children with complex/severe needs who do not make enough progress despite intervention from the school, it may be necessary for a statutory assessment of the child’s special educational needs to be undertaken by the Statutory Assessment Service.
All requests for a statutory assessment received from 1 September 2014 must be considered under the new legislation.
The Statutory Assessment Service is responsible for considering requests for statutory assessment. You can contact the Statutory Assessment Service office covering your home address at
Mid Tel: 0333 013 9949
Covering the areas of: Braintree, Chelmsford, Halstead and Maldon
North East Tel: 0333 013 7667
Covering the areas of: Colchester and Tendring
South Tel: 033301 34736
Covering the areas of: Basildon, Billericay, Brentwood, Castle Point, Rochford and Wickford
West Tel: 0333 0139911
Covering the areas of: Epping, Harlow and Uttlesford
The new SEND Code of Practice requires the Statutory Assessment Service to implement a person-centred approach to assessment and planning. In Essex we call this One Planning. The starting point for an assessment will be to consider whether a child or young person’s special educational needs can be met through the provision available within the School Offer. We expect that most children or young people will have their needs met this way because increased resources have been provided to schools.
The Essex criteria for undertaking a statutory assessment can be found here: Essex criteria for statutory assessment
When we receive a request for a statutory assessment we will need to collect and collate a range of information about your child which might include:
- A copy of the child’s One Plan (where this is in place)
- Detailed information about the action taken, and the support already given by the school
- Information about the child’s health or medical history where relevant
- Information about any other difficulties the child may have
- Other assessment information that is already available, such as from a specialist advisory teacher or an educational psychologist
- Views of the parent/carers and the child
- Information from other professionals involved with your child
In most cases, we do expect that much of this information will already be available as a result of good One Planning which might, for example, have been led by your child’s school. We hope that this will help to speed up the process so that parents do not have to wait too long for an answer. We expect to deal with requests for assessment within four to six weeks.
If an assessment goes ahead, the whole process must usually be completed within twenty weeks. Parents/carers and all involved professionals will be closely involved in drawing up EHCPs where these are needed.
Transition arrangements for the Local Authority
Between 1 September 2014 and 1 April 2018 transition arrangements will be in place to help manage the move to the new system. Children and young people who already have statements of special educational needs will retain their statement until a conversion process is completed. The Local Authority is writing directly to the parents of the children and young people about the transfer from the old to the new system. The transfer arrangements for children and young people are in the Essex County Council Guidance on transition to the new 0 to 25 special educational needs and disability system, and the plan for transfers due from September 2015 is here: Essex Transfer to EHC Plan Guidance for September 2016
Children and young people attending pre-school or FE college provision
In broad terms, the above arrangements will also apply to children and young people attending pre-school or FE college provision. If this applies to you, please contact your Statutory Assessment Service office as above for more information.
Advice and support for parents/young people in relation to the statutory assessment process is available from: