One Planning and Education, Health and Care Plan

What SEND means

SEND stands for special educational needs and/or disability. A child or young person may have a special educational need if they have:

  • significantly greater difficulty in learning than most others of the same age, or
  • a disability which prevents them from making use of the facilities which are generally available in nurseries, schools or colleges

This definition is taken from the SEND Code of Practice.  The SEND Code of Practice is the official guide for organisations who work with children who have SEND.

If you think that your child or young person may have special educational needs, read the pages under the ‘My Child is Having Difficulties‘ section to find out about the first steps to take.

What One Planning means 

One Planning is a way to support children and young people to make progress towards the things that matter to them. You might also hear this cycle being called the ‘graduated’ approach or person centred planning – these are the same thing. One Planning is what Essex calls the ‘graduated’ approach.

One Planning is what you do; a One Plan is how you record it.

The ‘My Child is Having Difficulties‘ section explains One Planning and One Plans in more detail.

What EHCP means

An Education, Health and Care plan (EHCP) is a plan for children and young people aged up to 25 who need more support than is available through SEN support. EHC plans identify educational, health and social needs and set out the additional support to meet those needs.

In Essex, an Education, Health and Care plan will replace a One Plan if issued (but the graduated approach will be the same).

EHCPs after 16

If a child has an EHC plan, their plan can continue up to the age of 25 as long as they still have SEN and stay in education or training. The charity for families with disabled children, Contact have information on EHCPs after 16, including on the transition to adult health and social care services for children with EHC plans.

They also have a factsheet on extra help in education for 19 to 25 year olds.